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BASICS STACK


The Basics Stack has all 6 of the Axe & Sledge Basic products. Each can be used to stack with other products in order to enhance your workout even futher!

This stack includes:

  • (1) Arginine
  • (1) Beta Alanine
  • (1) Betaine
  • (1) Citrulline
  • (1) Glutamine
  • (1) PeakO2 ®

Arginine

L-arginine is an amino acid that is used as building blocks for proteins. L-arginine is considered a semi-essential amino acid which means that it becomes essential under certain circumstances and conditions. These essential conditions include pregnancy, infancy, critical illness, and trauma. We usually are familiar with L-arginine when it comes to nitric oxide production. Nitric oxide production is needed for a variety of bodily processes and functions such as blood flow regulation, mitochondrial function, and cellular communication.

L-arginine acts as a precursor to other amino acids including glutamate, proline, and creatine. L-arginine is essential for the health and functioning of your immune system. L-arginine is also necessary for the development of T-cells which are white blood cells that play central roles in immune response. Because L-arginine has so many important roles in your body, a deficiency of it can disrupt cellular and organ function which can lead to serious adverse health issues.

The easiest way to obtain L-arginine is by taking supplements. You can also find L-arginine through other different processes such as certain protein-rich foods: meat, poultry, dairy, nuts, soy products, and fish. The average daily intake of L-arginine should be between four to six grams.

L-arginine has been known to increase exercise performance by maximizing nitric oxide in the body, which improves blood flow and oxygen to muscles. When arginine is taken prior to intense exercise, athletes can exercise longer and harder.

There are several other benefits that L-arginine brings to the table such as assisting people with high blood pressure (HBP) as well as diabetes by improving glucose metabolism and insulin sensitivity. L-arginine also helps regulate one’s blood pressure through the relaxation of the cells that make up your blood vessels. L-arginine can even help with treating erectile dysfunction, improving blood flow as well as function, and even treating preeclampsia. 

  • *Supports Nitric Oxide and Muscle Pump
  • *Supports Protein Synthesis 

Beta Alanine

Beta-alanine is a non-essential amino acid. Unlike most amino acids, it is not used by your body to synthesize proteins. Instead, together with histidine, it produces an ingredient called carnosine. Carnosine is then stored in your skeletal muscle, which reduces lactic acid accumulation in your muscles during exercise this then leads to improved athletic performance.

In your muscles’ histidine levels are normally high and beta-alanine levels are low which limits the production of carnosine. So how does carnosine act while you exercise? First glucose is broken down in your body which is the main source of fuel during training. While exercising, your muscles break down the glucose into lactic acid that is then converted to lactate which produces hydrogen. When this happens, your muscle becomes more acidic because the hydrogen ions reduce your body’s pH levels. Once acidity sets into your muscle belly it blocks the glucose breakdown and the muscle begins to fatigue. Since beta-alanine increases carnosine levels, it will help your muscles reduce their acid levels lessening overall fatigue.

Quick Hit Notes:

  • Beta-alanine enhances performance by increasing exercise capacity and decreasing muscle fatigue.
  • Beta-alanine also has antioxidant, immune-enhancing, and anti-aging properties.
  • The recommended dose for this non-essential amino acid is two to five grams daily.
  • Beta-alanine may cause tingling in the skin. This is a safe and effective supplement to enhance exercise performance.

Betaine

Betaine anhydrous is also known as trimethyl glycine (TMG). Derived from the amino acid glycine which has three methyl groups attached. Betaine is naturally derived from the breakdown of choline and it's also found in a number of food sources. The most popular of these food sources can be found in beets. Betaine received its name because it was sourced from sugar beets, and the scientific name for beets is Beta vulgaris. Betaine can also be found in other foods such as spinach, seafood, and wines.

The most critical reaction is when betaine performs the function in the methylation of the amino acid homocysteine to form methionine. Methionine is important in the body's internal synthesis of creatine. So, one way that betaine may boost muscle strength and size is by increasing creatine production in the body. 

Methionine also plays an important role in muscle protein synthesis. By having more methionine available for this process, the protein synthesis is thus enhanced. Therefore, the potential for muscle growth and strength gains increases.

Betaine supplementation can assist your body in many ways such as increased strength, growth of lean muscle mass, and even longer endurance. Betaine can be a benefit to your goal if you are looking for more reps. on the bench or going for those extra miles on the bike.    

Like the similar sounding beta-alanine, betaine has also been suggested to significantly lower levels of lactate. Having lower lactate levels can delay muscular fatigue while allowing athletes to train harder and longer!

  • Supports a healthy cardiovascular system.
  • Support healthy homocysteine levels.
  • Supports healthy blood vessel and liver function.

Citrulline

The amino acid citrulline is a popular supplement for health and exercise performance. This amino acid is produced naturally in the body and can also be found in food. Citrulline is an amino acid that was first found in watermelon. This amino acid is considered nonessential, meaning that your body can naturally produce some on its own. However, you can increase your levels by eating certain foods containing citrulline or by taking a supplement. These higher levels may produce beneficial effects on health and exercise performance. Citrulline can also be used to help widen your blood vessels and may play a significant role in muscle building. One major way citrulline works is by increasing vasodilation which refers to the widening of arteries or veins. Vasodilation is also associated with lowering blood pressure and increasing blood flow.

After citrulline is consumed, some is converted to another amino acid called L-arginine. Arginine is converted into a molecule called nitric oxide which causes vasodilation of blood vessels by relaxing the muscle cells that constrict them.

Interestingly, consuming citrulline may increase arginine in the body more than consuming arginine itself. This is because of differences in how the body processes and absorbs arginine versus citrulline. The increase in nitric oxide and blood flow may be one of the processes involved in citrulline’s beneficial effects on exercise performance.

Although citrulline is not an amino acid used directly to build proteins, it has been shown to increase protein synthesis by stimulating an important signaling pathway involved in muscle building.

Citrulline has important roles in the body, but unlike some amino acids, it is not primarily used to build protein. However, citrulline does play a necessary part in the urea cycle to rid your body of harmful compounds. Specifically, assisting the urea cycle to remove ammonia from the body. The final product of this cycle is urea which your body gets rid of in urine.

Glutamine

When people think of glutamine, they immediately think of an amino acid that helps your muscles recover from a workout. One of the main uses of glutamine is to serve as building blocks for protein, which does indeed help with recovery. However, there are several other important roles that glutamine plays within maintaining a healthy body.

The support glutamine gives to proteins are crucial to your organs. They also serve other duties, such as transporting substances in the blood and fighting off harmful viruses and bacteria.  L-glutamine can be produced naturally in your body. In fact, it is the most sufficient amino acid in your blood.

However, there are times when the glutamine needs of your body are greater than its ability to produce it.  Therefore, it is considered an essential amino acid meaning that it must be obtained from the diet under certain conditions, such as injury or illness for recovery.

Another unknown is that glutamine is an important amino acid for the immune system and intestinal health!  Glutamine plays an important role in your immune system.  There are times your body may not be able to produce enough of it, so you need to supplement with glutamine powder. This may help improve your immune function in the body.  When it comes to your gut and intestines, glutamine is an energy source for intestinal and immune cells. This creates a healthy bacterial and supports the intestinal walls from any bad toxins escaping into the rest of your body.

  • Promotes Recovery
  • *Supports Gut Health
  • *Supports Immune System

PeakO2®

PeakO2® is an organic-certified combination of six adaptogenic mushrooms grown in the U.S. PeakO2® allows users to "adapt" to and overcome physical and mental stress, increasing power and endurance. It appears to have a significant impact on endurance performance as oxygen consumption has been shown to increase significantly in two studies. 

PeakO2® also appears to improve submaximal endurance performance as up to 2g/day has been shown to decrease blood lactate levels by 9% when subjects train at the same work rate. This essentially indicates that taking it helps your body exert less stress to meet the demands of exercise. PeakO2®, in doses up to 2g/day, can improve endurance performance as seen by a 25.8 second time to exhaustion performance improvement in the Charleston study and a 70 second improvement in the UNC study. 



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